Millwork is a term that encompasses many different types of woodworking. It can be difficult to know the difference between these different types, so we have created this guide for you! To start with, there are few main categories of millwork: molding, trim work, paneling, wainscoting, and more. This post will discuss few of them in detail and provide examples of how they are used within a home.

  1. Molding

Molding comes in many different profiles which describe its shape and dimensions.

Some examples include ogee, pencil edge, and soffit/eave capping, to name a few! The main purpose of using this kind of woodworking technique is for aesthetics rather than function. The Nava Millwork and design studio is a full custom shop and can create molding to fit any space.

  1. Trim Work

Trim work includes all the pieces of millwork that are used for purely cosmetic reasons. These include cornices, architraves, and skirting boards, to name a few! Trim can be found around windows, doors, or even cabinets in your kitchen. It is usually made from wood, but it doesn’t necessarily need to be; some trim may also be veneered with laminate material such as Formica instead of real wood.

The use of ornaments varies depending on what they surround; if you have a window with an arched top, then this would require a piece called an architrave which comes in different profiles, just like molding does.

  1. Paneling

Panel moldings and wall panels are the most common types of millwork found in homes. Paneling adds a decorative touch or covers up an unfinished area such as studs, concrete walls, or even bare insulation.

Some examples include wainscoting (typically found on lower walls), baseboard, crown moldings, and chair rails which can be found around fireplaces.

  1. Wainscoting

Wainscoting is a type of paneling that typically covers lower walls, and it can be used as an accent wall. There are many different types and shapes, but the main purpose for using this kind of millwork is to protect from damage such as scuffs or even moisture which could come in contact with bare concrete walls.

  1. Window and Door Frames

These millwork pieces include window sashes, doors, and door frames. Again, wood is the most common material used for these features, but there are many different profiles to choose from, just like molding and paneling. Some examples include ogee, quarter round, pencil edge, and soffit/eave capping again.


Molding is a type of millwork that includes all kinds of trim. This can be the crown moldings, baseboards, and casings around windows or doors, as well as other ornamental features on your home’s exterior, such as window hoods.